Over the years, it is common for our skin to show signs of aging in the eye region or even abnormalities in the eyelids and eye sockets.
These types of problems often happen by heredity, but they are also possible as you live, a factor we know as “natural aging of the body”. At the same time, aging problems in the eye area are possible to be treated with a plastic surgeon in Mumbai.
Today, we tell you the main types of eye surgeries to correct eyelids and eye aesthetics.
One of the main problems caused by aging and heredity are palpebral bags – bags formed by fat that are apparent in the upper and/or lower eyelids.
They do not usually bring problems to the patient’s life, except for the aesthetic issue, causing discomfort to social life, so it is possible to correct the problem with blepharoplasty – specific plastic surgery to correct palpebral bags and sagging eyelids.
Eyelids drooping, outwards or inwards
Another problem that usually bothers is drooping eyelids or those that stick out (problem called ectropion, which can cause discomfort and tearing in the eyes due to the lack of protective contact between the eyelid and the eye), or even end up turning inwards. eyes (a condition called entropion, which generates constant pain and irritation due to the contact of the eyelashes with the eyeball).
It is necessary to differentiate between eyelids that have a droopy appearance only due to sagging skin resulting from natural aging from cases in which the patient has difficulty keeping their eyes open due to some functional problem of the eyelids. In these cases, the eyelids are not properly held open, which can interfere with vision. This condition is called eyelid ptosis, which can affect one or both eyes.
In cases where there is only sagging skin, with or without the presence of eyelid bags, conventional blepharoplasty is indicated. It consists of removing excess skin from the eyelids at the same time that the eyelid fat bags are removed, which may not be present, or affect one, two or all of the patient’s eyelids. It should be noted that, in this surgery, ectropion and/or entropion problems are also corrected, if present.
Blepharoplasty in Mumbai is a surgery that can be performed under local anesthesia, local anesthesia with sedation, or general anesthesia. It can be associated with other procedures on the face, such as a facelift, or performed as a single procedure. Scars usually evolve well and become quite discreet.
The postoperative period of blepharoplasty requires relative rest, and eye care. Swelling is usually important in the first week, but it gradually improves after that period. To relieve the discomfort generated by the swelling, the patient is instructed to apply cold compresses on the eyes, and also to use eye drops and/or eye ointments, depending on each case. It is also recommended to protect the eyes from the sun, especially while there are purplish areas on the eyelids, which tend to sag in the first two to three weeks after surgery.
In cases where eyelid ptosis exists, specific surgeries are needed to correct the abnormal drooping of the eyelids. The most common cause of drooping eyelid ptosis is related to problems with the levator palpebrae muscle, which is primarily responsible for maintaining the normal opening of the eyelids. Cases of eyelid ptosis are more frequent in elderly patients, due to the tearing or tearing of the tendon (aponeurosis) of this muscle that connects it to the eyelids, but this problem can occur in patients of any age.
Surgery to correct this type of ptosis consists of tying this tendon back to the muscle if it is torn, or shortening it if it is torn. This surgery can, in many cases, be associated with conventional blepharoplasty, if the patient wants aesthetic correction of the eyelids together with the correction of eyelid ptosis. The care of this corrective surgery is similar to that of blepharoplasty.
It is essential to talk to your plastic surgeon in Malad about the type of eyelid surgery you are interested in or need to do, so that he can correctly diagnose your case and recommend the most appropriate surgery.